Hair transplant (or hair restoration, hair implants) is a hair replacement treatment for men and women. The procedure permanently restores hair by transplanting new follicles into balding or thinning areas. Hair transplants correct male-pattern baldness and other forms of hair loss.
Hair loss can be a very emotional difficult event because hair has an important psychological importance in our society. Most men experience some degree of hair loss in their lifetime which can start as early in some men in their early twenties. Androgenetic Alopecia (AA) or common male pattern baldness (MPB) accounts for more than 95% of hair loss in men. By the age of thirty-five (35) over 60% of American men will experience some degree of appreciable hair loss, and by the age of fifty (50) approximately 85% of men have significantly thinning hair..
The psychological effects of male hair loss vary with some men paying minimal attention to their thinning hair, while others are affected significantly. It is important that men who are having unusual difficulty dealing with their hair loss receive psychological support or counseling as well as medical treatment.
Fortunately, there are a number of excellent medical treatments that can prevent or postpone male hair loss in its early stages. For more advance MPB, surgical hair restoration can return to men a completely natural look. Over the past 10 years, non surgical options that include oral medications have decreased hair loss in men. In the future, we look forward for further progress towards the goal of cloning ones own hair, a technology in which significant progress has been made, but that is not yet available.
Testosterone plays an important role in hair loss. When combined with another enzyme in the hair follicle, 5 alpha reductase, testosterone converts to Dihydrotestosterone (DHT). This hormone is a natural metabolite of the human body and is very potent androgen belonging to the class of compounds called androgenic hormones. The hair follicle when exposed to long periods of DHT eventually miniaturizes and dies.
Hair restoration surgery usually takes a full day and is performed under local anesthesia and sedation, in this surgery, healthy hair follicles are removed from the back and/or sides of the head, and transplanted to areas where hair loss is occurring.
Surgery usually involves transplanting follicular units (the natural bundling of hairs as they grow in the scalp), with each unit containing one to four hairs. The most common technique is “strip harvesting” (sometimes referred to as follicular unit transfer, or FUT), which involves removing a single strip of the scalp where follicles are plentiful (the “donor site”) and then cutting out the follicular units to create grafts for transplanting.
Another increasingly common technique is follicular unit extraction (FUE), in which each follicular unit is removed one at a time–a more time consuming process, but one that avoids the linear scar from the donor site. It can result in tiny dots on the back of the head that can sometimes be visible if the head is shaved. FUE is usually chosen by men, particularly those under 30 who may wish to shave their head.
The average number of individual grafts needed depends on the patient; anywhere from 1,000 to 3,000 grafts is possible in an average day of surgery.
Your recovery time will depend on the extent of the surgery. Most patients report mild pain, numbness and soreness; this can be controlled with pain medication prescribed by your surgeon. It is common for hairs from the transplanted follicles to fall out in the first month and then regrow. Within 4 to 5 months, they should be growing normally in their new location.
Hair Loss In Women
Most people think hair loss is a medical problem only impacting men. The truth is women make up about forty (40) percent of hair loss patients. According to the American Academy of Dermatology, it’s a increasingly recognizable aesthetic concern, affecting thirty (30) million women in the United States. More importantly, female pattern hair loss needs to be recognized as a chronic and progressive condition. All treatments need to be continued to maintain the effect.
For many women their hair is a defining physical attribute that defines character and personality. Hair loss affects one’s self image and emotional well-being. It is a very real and serious aesthetic concern for many women, and in 2008 over 15 percent of patients having hair restoration surgical procedures were women.
Eye Brow Restoration
The eyebrow is an important part of facial symmetry and contributes to the aesthetic appearance of men and women. Eyebrows frame the eyes and are one of the first facial structures we look at as a society. A person without natural appearing eyebrows is very conscious of their appearance. Transplantation surgery can often restore eyebrows to their natural youthful appearance.
Causes of Hair Loss in Women
Complications with hair transplant surgery are relatively uncommon. Potential hair restoration side effects may include scarring or uneven hair growth. If the results of the surgery are patchy or if the follicle grafts don’t establish well at the new site, your surgeon may wish to perform a follow-up surgery to correct scarring or to transplant more follicles to fill in thinner areas.